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Climate change represents the single greatest long-term threat to our cities and citizens. The health, wealth, infrastructure, and ability to maintain basic services of cities will increasingly be degraded as our planet warms and our weather worsens. Yet local governments are currently sharing in the profits made by the fossil fuel industry – investing in the very companies that are directly responsible for this threat.


Scientists tell us that we can only put 500 gigatons more of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere and still keep global temperature rise below 2°C, a goal that the United States and nearly every other country on Earth has agreed to meet.


Here’s the terrifying part: the fossil fuel industry has 2795 gigatons of CO2 in their coal, oil and gas reserves, five times more than we can safely release. If we are going to see serious progress on slowing climate change, we have to address the fossil fuel industry head-on.


Divestment, a strategy pioneered in this country during the antiapartheid movement, is a powerful tool that we can use in this fight. The logic of divestment is simple: We should not fund our retirement by investing in companies whose operations ensure we won’t have a safe planet to retire on. It’s not worth greening your city for the next generation, if you are also investing millions in companies that are threatening that generation’s future. Local governments have the opportunity to be leaders in combatting this contradiction by divesting their funds – general, retirement, utility, pension, etc. – from fossil fuel companies.


Seattle, under the leadership of former Mayor Mike McGinn, has already taken this bold step, working to pull over $17.6 million out of fossil fuel stocks. To date, twenty-five local governments have pledged to divest from fossil fuels, and not invest in them in the future. By joining the momentum generated by the fossil fuel divestment movement on college campuses worldwide, local governments can make a strong and profound statement – that profiting from climate disruption and its ever increasing human toll is morally bankrupt and fiscally imprudent.

Fossil Fuel Divestment Report for the Seattle City Employees Retirement System, Alex Lenferna, October 1st, 2014. Read more..

Energy Transition and Climate Change, Mark C. Lewis, Kepler-Cheuvreux, September 15th, 2014. Read more.

Model Ordinance: Divestment from Fossil Fuel Companies, ALICE, January 1st, 2014. Read more.

Resolution Divesting the City of XXXX from publicly-traded fossil-fuel companies, ALICE, January 1st, 2014. Read more.

Resolution declaring the intention of the City of XXXX to refrain from investing in publicly-traded, Mayors Innovation Project, January 1st, 2014. Read more.

Resolution Divesting the City of XXXX from publicly-traded fossil-fuel companies, Mayors Innovation Project, January 1st, 2014. Read more.

Resolution of the Ann Arbor Energy Commission to City Council, City of Ann Arbor, January 1st, 2014. Read more.

The Power and Limits of Shareholder Advocacy with Fossil Fuel Companies, Green Century Funds, October 1st, 2013. Read more.

Five Reasons to Consider Divesting from Fossil Fuel Companies, Green Century Funds, October 1st, 2013. Read more.

To Paraphrase Mark Twain: The Cost of Divestment Has Been Greatly Exaggerated, Julie Goodridge and Christine Jantz, Northstar Asset Management, September 1st, 2013. Read more.

Follow-up to the Board’s Annual Governance Policy Work Study Sessions, Santa Clara Valley Water District, August 27th, 2013. Read more.

Resolution urging the Retirement Board of the Employees’ Retirement, City of San Francisco, August 23rd, 2013. Read more.

Institutional Pathways to Fossil Fuel Investing, Joshua Humphreys, Tellus Institute, May 1st, 2013. Read more. Washington, DC.

Resilient Portfolios and Fossil-Free Pensions, HIP Investor, March 31st, 2013. Read more.

Global Warming’s Terrifying New Math, Bill McKibben, Rolling Stone, July 1st, 2012. Read more.

The $20 Trillion Carbon Bubble, Brad Johnson, Climate Progress, March 1st, 2012. Read more.

Partner Organizations

350.org is building a global grassroots movement to solve the climate crisis. Our online campaigns, grassroots organizing, and mass public actions are led from the bottom up by thousands of volunteer organizers in over 188 countries. 

The Fossil Free Campaign wants institutions to immediately freeze any new investment in fossil fuel companies, and divest from direct ownership and any commingled funds that include fossil fuel public equities and corporate bonds within 5 years. They have a number of resources for activists working on this issue. 

ALICE (the American Legislative and Issue Campaign Exchange) also has model ordinance language available. 

These mayors and cities have take action to divest their cities from fossil fuel companies. Join them by signing our pledge and/or contacting us for assistance; if you're not a mayor, please visit our friends at 350.org to get involved.


US Cities:

Mayor Mike McGinn, Seattle, WA  
Santa Monica, CA City Council 
Mayor Svante Myrick, Ithaca, NY  
San Francisco, CA Board of Supervisors  
Mayor Tom Bates, Berkeley, CA    
Mayor  Kitty Piercy, Eugene, OR    
Mayor Paul Soglin, Madison, WI    
Mayor Larry MacDonald, Bayfield, WI  
Mayor Gayle McLaughlin, Richmond, CA 
Mayor Matt Appelbaum, Boulder, CO 
Mayor Elizabeth Goreham, State College, PA 
Mayor David Coss, Santa Fe, NM
Mayor Matt Ryan, Binghamton, NY   
Truro, MA Town Meeting
Provincetown, MA Town Meeting
Brookline, MA City Council

Thurston County, WA Board of Commissioners

Mayor Charlie Hales, Portland, OR

Amherst, MA
Belfast, ME
Somerville, MA Board of Alderman
San Luis Obispo, CA City Council


Non-US Cities:

Boxtel, The Netherlands
Dunedin, New Zealand
Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia
Leichhardt, Sydney, Australia Municipal Council
Lismore, NSW, Australia City Council
Marrickville, Sydney, Australia
Moreland, Melbourne, Australia City Council
Orebro, Sweden
Oslo, Norway
Oxford, United Kingdom City Council

Roskilde Municipality, Denmark

Shire of Goomalling, Australia

Newcastle, Australia City Council

Model Resolutions 

If you’re ready to take action, download model resolution language below:

Model Resolution: if your city has fossil fuel holdings

Model Resolution: if your city has no fossil fuel holdings

Model Resolution: if your city does not hold common stock
Model Resolution:  if your city does not control your pension fund and does not have fossil fuel holdings 

Satya Rhodes-Conway
(608) 262-5387
Webinar: Investing in the Age of Climate Change




In our report, Divestment from Fossil Fuels: A Guide for City Officials and Activists, we provide the tools to implement a divestment campaign for your city.